Google




Google fined Record € 2.4bn by EU over Search Engine Results - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the European Union has handed Google a record-breaking2.42bn fine !!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "for abusing the search engine market  ! - in building its online shopping service  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the largest ever made in an antitrust case !! - in a dramatic decision, that has far-reaching implications !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "by artificially and illegally promoting its own price comparison service in searches  !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Google denied both its consumers real choice, and rival firms the ability to compete on a level playing field - the European regulators say  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the US company has 90 days to stop its illegal activities  !! - and explain how it will reform its ways !!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "or face fines of up to € 10.6m a day  ! - by its parent company Alphabet  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the company may need to fundamentally rethink the way it operates !!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is also now liable to face civil actions for damages by any person or business affected by its anti-competitive behaviour  !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as the EU official in charge of competition policy, commissioner Margrethe Vestager, spelled out the case:"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Google abused, by promoting its own comparison shopping service in its search results !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and demoting those of competitors !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "from 2008, Google began to implement and then further afield, a fundamental change in strategy to push its comparison shopping service - and break EU law  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "according to an analysis of around 1.7bn search queries, Google’s search algorithm systematically was consistently giving prominent placement to its own comparison shopping service  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to the detriment of rival services !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the fine of € 2,424,495,000 takes into account the "duration and gravity of the infringement  !!""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the commission has already come to the preliminary conclusion that Google has abused in two other cases, which are still being investigated  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the first cases involve the Android operating system, where the commission is concerned that Google has "stifled choice and innovation" in a range of mobile apps  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in a second investigation into AdSense, the commission is concerned that Google has reduced choice, by preventing sites from sourcing search ads from competitors  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the record fines until now: Microsoft ( € 1.2bn ) - Intel ( € 1.1bn ) - Daimler, and Facebook  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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European Parliament votes on 'Google breakup' Motion
- the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the European Parliament has approved a motion calling for tougher regulation of the Internet search"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "including breaking up Google as a solution to its dominance"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the motion passed as expected by 384 votes to 174 with 56 MEPs abstaining"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the resolution calls the European Commission to prevent any abuse in the marketing"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "of interlinked services by operators of search engines"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and to consider proposals with the aim of unbundling search engines from other commercial services"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Google holds 90% of the search market in Europe"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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European Parliament set to call for break-up of Google
- the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the European Parliament is poised to call for a break-up of Google"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in a drastic escalation of Europe’s long-running antitrust case against the tech giant"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Sigmar Gabriel, Germany’s Economy Minister and vice-Chancellor, suggested a break-up of the company"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we must give serious thought to the possibility of "unbundling" the Internet market"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Gmail Users can't expect Privacy
- the Independent: LINK ¤ the INDEPENDENT

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  • "users of Google’s email service Gmail should have no "legitimate expectation""

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that their emails will remain private"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the company has said in a submission to a US court"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Google: "all users of email must necessarily expect"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that their emails will be subject to automated processing"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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you cannot expect Privacy on Gmail - Consumer Watchdog: LINK ¤ CONSUMER WATCHDOG

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  • "lawyers for Google said people should not expect privacy"

 

 

 

 

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  • "when they send messages to a Gmail account"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a person has no legitimate expectation of privacy in information"

 

 

 

 

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  • "he voluntarily turns over to third parties"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the suit says Google violates federal and state wiretap laws"

 

 

 

 

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  • "when the company reads emails"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to determine what ads to serve based on the message’s content"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Judge orders Google to comply with FBI's NSL - CNET News: LINK ¤ CNET NEWS

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  • "a federal judge has ruled that Google must comply with the FBI's warrantless requests for confidential user data"

 

 

 

 

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  • " so-called National Security Letters"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a warrantless electronic data-gathering technique by the FBI"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the FBI sends secret requests to Web and telecommunications companies"

 

 

 

 

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  • "requesting name, address, length of service"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and other account information about users"

 

 

 

 

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  • "no court approval is required"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Concessions to European Commission - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Google has submitted a package of concessions to the European Commission"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to head off an antitrust investigation"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is offering to label results where its own properties, such as YouTube or Google shopping"

 

 

 

 

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  • "appear in listings when people perform searches"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "11 European companies, including Foundem, wrote to Joaquin Almunia, the EC competition Commissioner:"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Google artificially boosts its own properties"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and penalises rivals"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Google's search manipulation practices lay waste to entire classes of competitors"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Google faces legal Action from European Commission - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Almunia, the European antitrust Commissioner, is concerned that Google favours its own products"

 

 

 

 

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  • "European competitors are consigned to a position a long way down the list of search results"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "while Google's own are prominently displayed on its first results page"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "which 90% of users never go beyond"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Sergey Brin: Web Freedom faces greatest Threat ever - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Google co-founder Sergey Brin warned there are "very powerful forces""

 

 

 

 

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  • "that have lined up against the open Internet on all sides and around the world"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the threat to the freedom of the Internet comes from a combination of governments"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "increasingly trying to control access and communication by their citizens"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the entertainment industry's attempts to crack down on piracy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the rise of "restrictive" walled gardens such as Facebook and Apple"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "which tightly control what software can be released on their platforms"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "you have to play by their rules"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "which are really restrictive"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he acknowledged that people were anxious about the amount of their data"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that was now in the reach of US authorities because it sits on Google's servers"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "if we could be in a jurisdiction that everyone in the world trusted"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that would be great"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Google China - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09BEIJING1957

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  • "the Chinese government has been blocking several of Google's Internet sites periodically"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Ministries demanded Google provide better filtering on its "Google.cn" search engine"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the real reason for the government's wrath"

 

 

 

 

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  • "is Google's refusal to remove the link to Google.com"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "from the Google.cn website"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this was the first time the company had explicitly denied a government request"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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high-Level US Help
- US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09BEIJING1336

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  • "Google China president reported that Google"

 

 

 

 

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  • "had already made some changes to its Chinese site"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and will continue to make others"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "high-level US officials should phone or write"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to indicate support for Google's operations"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and suggest diplomatic or commercial consequences"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "since 2006 Google has operated"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "following censorship orders just as other companies do"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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France proposes Google Tax - US cable - 2010:
LINK ¤ 10PARIS29

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  • "President Sarkozy announced plans to tax internet advertising revenue"

 

 

 

 

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  • "generated by Google and other major Internet sites"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Zelnick Commission proposed a modest tax"

 

 

 

 

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  • "of one to two percent of Internet advertising revenues"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "President Sarkozy asked Minister of Economy Lagarde to appoint an expert group"

 

 

 

 

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  • "on capturing tax revenue from advertizing activity"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "by major web portals and search engines present in France"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and a ruling on Google's online ad revenue activities"

 

 

 

 

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  • "on the grounds of "abuse of dominant position""

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the tax would be levied mostly on Google, Facebook, Microsoft, AOL and Yahoo"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Data Privacy - US cable - 2007:
LINK ¤ 07PARIS530

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  • "Google faces several liability and public relations issues"

 

 

 

 

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  • "because its customers' data are stored in the US"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "business customers are nervous about storing data on US-based servers"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "where US law enforcement officials can easily gain access"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and where tougher European privacy laws would not protect"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the most profitable area is the corporate business sector"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in which Google presented a package of services, software, and storage facilities for data needs"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Google stores such data on US servers"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the US legal system do not protect the data to the same extent as in Europe"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Google Europe Peter Fleischer: "we need to come out of the grey zone"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and out of the old system"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Media: Google - US cable - 2010: LINK ¤ 10BERLIN215


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it's now getting really serious for Google
- Financial Times -
Germany:




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  • "the EU Commission wants to examine whether the US company"

 

 

 

 

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  • "is misusing its dominant power to disadvantage competitors"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Brussels' action is right and necessary because the suspicion"

 

 

 

 

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  • "that Google weighs down its competitors is justified"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "particularly when it comes to data protection"

 

 

 

 

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  • "it always required massive protests by users before the company improved its programs"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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the Search Engine does not take Privacy Rights seriously enough - Süddeutsche Zeitung - Germany:



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  • "the approach of the US company to make all information the world has available on the Internet"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "is increasingly alarming politicians and consumer protectionists, particularly in Europe"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "regardless of whether it is Google street view, where everybody can pry into the garden of the neighbor"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Google book search or its increasing market power"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the concerns are justified"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "no company should hold all information there is"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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die EU verhängt die Rekordstrafe von 2,42 Milliarden Euro gegen Google - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "die EU-Kommission brummt Google die mit Abstand höchste Geldstrafe gegen ein einzelnes Unternehmen !"

 

 

 

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  • "wegen Missbrauchs seiner Stellung auf - und droht mit weiteren Verfahren  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "die US-Internetfirma muss 2,42 Mrd. Euro Strafe zahlen !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "sollte Google sein Verhalten bei den Preisvergleichsdiensten innerhalb von 90 Tagen nicht abstellen, könnten bis zu fünf Prozent des durchschnittlichen Tagesumsatzes seiner Muttergesellschaft Alphabet als Zwangsgeld verhängt werden"

 

 

 

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  • "sagte die EU-Wettbewerbskommissarin Margrethe Vestager"

 

 

 

 

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  • "jede Firma, die sich durch Google im vorliegenden Fall benachteiligt fühlt, kann nun vor einem nationalen Gericht auf Schadensersatz klagen"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "der Beschluss zum Preisvergleichsdienst ist lediglich der Startpunkt !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "dem Unternehmen drohen noch weitere, milliardenschwere Geldbußen: in einem der zwei Verfahren geht es um das Google-Betriebssystems Android auf Smartphones und Tablets"

 

 

 

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  • "im anderen um Praktiken bei der Suchmaschinenwerbung auf Internetseiten"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "der Verband der europäischen Verbraucherschützer - BEUC - nennt Vestagers Google-Entscheidung einen Wendepunkt"

 

 

 

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  • "damit ist ein wichtiger Präzedenzfall geschaffen, wie die EU-Kommission die Auswirkungen auf Verbraucher bei wettbewerbswidrigem Verhalten in der Digitalwirtschaft bewertet  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "die höchsten Geldbußen aus Brüssel erhielten bisher 2009 die US-Chipfirma "Intel" mit 1,06 Mrd. Euro  !"

 

 

 

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  • "sowie 2016 der deutsche Autobauer "Daimler" mit rund einer Mrd. Euro  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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EU-Parlament votiert für Aufspaltung von Google - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "die Mehrheit der Abgeordneten stimmte dafür, das Suchmaschinengeschäft von anderen Unternehmensbereichen abzutrennen"

 

 

 

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  • "die Resolution sieht als letztes Mittel eine Trennung von Suchmaschine und anderen kommerziellen Aktivitäten vor"

 

 

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  • "die EU-Kommission möge eine solche Entflechtung prüfen, um dominierenden Marktstellungen einen Riegel vorzuschieben"

 

 

 

 

 

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Gerichtsdokument belegt geheime Google-Überwachung - Spiegel online: LINK ¤ SPIEGEL ONLINE

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  • "US-Behörden verpflichten in Geheimverfahren Google zur Herausgabe von Nutzerdaten"

 

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  • "die Anordnungen verbieten Google jede Erwähnung dieser Aktionen"

 

 

 

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  • US-Gerichtsdokument: "am 6. Juni 2013 stieg das ohnehin starke Interesse der Öffentlichkeit"

 

 

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  • "an Googles Einbindung in und Reaktion auf rechtliche Prozesse in Sachen nationaler Sicherheit"

 

 

 

 

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  • "am 6. Juni 2013 enthüllten der "Guardian" und die "Washington Post" die Existenz des NSA-Programms Prism"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Google E-Mail-Nutzer haben keinen Anspruch auf Privatsphäre - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "dem Unternehmen wird vorgeworfen, dass es E-Mails der Nutzer illegal analysieren würde"

 

 

 

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  • "nun macht Google keinen Hehl daraus, dass Gmail-Nachrichten für diverse Zwecke"

 

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  • "unter anderem auch für Werbung gescannt werden"

 

 

 

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  • "Nutzer von Online-E-Mail-Diensten hätten keinen Anspruch auf Privatsphäre"

 

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  • "wenn sie ihre Informationen freiwillig an Dritte ausliefern"

 

 

 

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  • "Google meint, dass alle davon ausgehen müssten"

 

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  • "dass ihre E-Mail automatisiert verarbeitet werden"

 

 

 

 

 

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EU will Google zu Änderungen bei Suchergebnissen zwingen -
der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "EU-Wettbewerbskommissar Joaquin Almunia will bei den Ermittlungen gegen Google härter durchgreifen als seine US-Kollegen: er ist der Ansicht"

 

 

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  • "dass der Internet-Konzern eine marktbeherrschende Position missbraucht"

 

 

 

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  • "wenn er in den Suchergebnissen eigene Dienste vor Angeboten von Wettbewerbern einreiht"

 

 

 

 

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  • "sie machen Geld mit diesem Geschäft"

 

 

 

 

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  • "und der starken Position im Suchmaschinen-Markt"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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GOOGLE
- Wikipedia EN:
LINK ¤ GOOGLE

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  • Google’s privacy policy:

 

 

 

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  • "when you search for a restaurant on Google Maps or watch a video on YouTube, for example, we process information about that activity"

 

 

 

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  • "including information like the video you watched, device IDs, IP addresses, cookie data and location"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we process this data, to deliver ads based on your interests"

 

 

 

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  • "including things like searches you've done or videos you've watched on YouTube"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and conduct analytics and measurement"

 

 

 

 

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  • "we also combine data among our services and across your devices"

 

 

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