Canada




Justin Trudeau: Globalisation isn't working for ordinary People - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "ordinary people around the world have been failed by globalisation, Canada’s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said”

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the fact is, that globalisation doesn’t work for the middle class - and for ordinary people !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Trudeau, 44, swept to a majority government on an ambitious platform that included addressing growing inequality"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and to lead on climate change"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the announcement of a national carbon price is a key part of the environmental policy"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and initiatives that include investments in clean tech and promises to phase out federal subsidies for oil and gas companies"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but the policy also saw Trudeau recently approve two pipelines that would offer Alberta’s oil sands nearly a million barrels a day in increased capacity"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the approvals have sparked broad opposition"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "after a year of vague promises to strike a balance between environmental protection, a more justice economy, and a fraught relationship with Indigenous peoples"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Trudeau’s government will be forced to put these pledges to the test in imminent decisions on several energy projects:"

 

 

 

 

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  • "it’s the first time they’re going to actually have to pick a side"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but it’s a sharp contrast to the previous government: "data showed that Canadians were ashamed and embarrassed about our image""

 

 

 

 

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  • "with our performance on things like climate change, or our policies on Israel, or security"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the government has vowed to pump billions of dollars into infrastructure"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and it has raised taxes on the top 1%"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this challenges - from democratic renewal, to justice, to climate change - these are the really daunting challenges !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Canada Report - BBC: LINK ¤ B B C

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  • "Canada is the second largest country in the world after Russia"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Canada gradually emerged as a federation of former British colonies. The provinces retain extensive powers"

 

 

 

 

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  • "French-speaking Quebec has wide-ranging cultural and linguistic autonomy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "nearly 90% of Canadians live within 200km of the border with the US, which means that Canada contains vast expanses of wilderness to the north"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Canada is worried about pollution from US factories near the border, and about the possible impact on the environment of the exploitation of oil deposits in Alaska"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Canada pursues a foreign policy that is very distinct from that of the US ( Canada did not send troops to Iraq )"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Canada's indigenous peoples make up around 1,5 million, more than 4% of the population"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the way in which provincial governments share land and natural resources with native groups is an ongoing issue"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Canada's Elections - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "it is the second biggest country in the world, yet sometimes it seems almost invisible"

 

 

 

 

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  • "often ignored by its powerful neighbour, regarded with only distant affection by the two European countries from which its settlers came"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and taken for granted by many nations who should be more grateful than they are for its help and mediation in the past, Canada ploughs a lonely furrow"

 

 

 

 

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  • "now it is heading toward an election that will determine whether it will continue along the rightward course set by Stephen Harper as prime minister over the past decade"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "or whether it can recover some of the verve and originality that once marked its politics"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "under Harper, Canada has not only moved to the right in almost every area of policy but has entered an era of highly calibrated"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "money-driven negative campaigning at odds with the courtesy that is one of the most attractive of Canadian qualities"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "so the result matters, obviously for Canada itself"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but also for a world that has long been missing the special role it used to play on the international scene"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "money, its uses and its abuses, runs like a thread through Harper’s time in power"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "at the very beginning, a scandal over the diversion of government funds under the then Liberal government helped him into office in 2006"

 

 

 

 

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  • "ironically, it then turned out that his Conservative party had itself been breaking electoral laws on spending during that campaign"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he began dismantling Canada’s system of political party subsidies, a policy that benefits the Conservatives"

 

 

 

 

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  • "who have the largest base of wealthy donors, and puts other parties at a financial disadvantage"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "during the international fiscal crisis, Canada’s prudent and well-regulated banking system"

 

 

 

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  • "and its stable housing market insulated it from the worst effects"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "none of this was Harper’s doing - his own instincts are antiregulatory"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "money, in the shape of profits from tar sands, influenced the notorious decision to withdraw from the Kyoto protocol"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Canada’s pledges ahead of the next international environmental conference in Paris are the weakest of any major industrial country"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in spite of what Thomas Mulcair, leader of the New Democratic party, calls this "rip it and ship it" philosophy"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Canada’s economy has faltered in recent years, and Canada is near, or perhaps already in, recession"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the fall in oil prices is partly to blame, but Harper’s emphasis on a balanced budget at a time when the economy needs stimulus, not constraint"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as well as giving tax breaks to the better-off, has made things worse"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "domestically Harper has tried to move Canada away from its social democratic tradition"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "reducing government spending and services, privatising government agencies, cutting public health"

 

 

 

 

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  • "he has gagged government scientists and civil servants, is bringing in new internal security laws"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and made Canada a less open society"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the political contest in Canada this time is particularly difficult to predict"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "since the three big parties each have about 30% in popular support"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "any of the three could end up in government, alone or in coalition"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but we may be permitted to hope there is now a chance that something of the old Canada"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "committed to moderation and multiculturalism at home"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and to multilateralism and cooperation abroad"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "will re-emerge from the fray"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Canadian Government spent millions on secret Tar Sands Advocacy - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Canada’s conservative government spent several million dollars on a tar sands advocacy fund"

 

 

 

 

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  • "documents reveal"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in its 2013 budget, the government invested C$ 30 million over two years on public relations advertising"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and domestic and international "outreach activities" to promote Alberta’s tar sands"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with Canada’s federal election in full swing, prime minister Stephen Harper has been on the defensive over his backing of the tar sands"

 

 

 

 

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  • "which have derailed the country’s emissions reduction targets and, since the crash of oil prices, destabilized its economy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the government also partnered with the International Energy Agency to "advance knowledge" about unconventional fuels like fracked shale gas"

 

 

 

 

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  • "which several Canadian provinces have passed moratoriums against"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it would be more sound economics to support the clean energy sector, which already provides more employment in Canada than the oil sector"

 

 

 

 

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  • "investment in clean energy can provide 6 to 8 times more jobs than similar investment in the oil industry"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "during Harper’s reign, the oil industry has gained unprecedented access to policy-making, adopting reforms lobbied for by the oil industry"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the conservative government passed legislation dismantling a generation of environmental regulations"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the conservative government has also targeted environmental and Indigenous organizations with arbitrary audits"

 

 

 

 

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  • "muzzled government scientists, slashed funding to its Environment department and reduced its capacity for climate change monitoring"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the opposition NDP, which is close to the conservatives in election polls, has drawn attention to the economic drawbacks of heavy reliance on the export of tar sands"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "under the Harper government, surging oil prices and exports led to the rise of the Canadian dollar"

 

 

 

 

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  • "which contributed to the hollowing out of Canadian manufacturing, including the lose of hundreds of thousands of jobs"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a case of resource mismanagement that economists have labelled the "Dutch Disease""

 

 

 

 

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  • "scientific studies show that 85 percent of the tar sands should stay in the ground"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to avoid catastrophic climate change tipping points"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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- Capital: Ottawa - [ GoC = Government of Canada ]


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"Buy American" Legislation trigger global Protectionism - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09OTTAWA84

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  • "the "Buy American" provisions in the US economic stimulus bill in the Senate"

 

 

 

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  • "have received widespread critical attention in Canada"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the US' largest trading partner"

 

 

 

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  • "countries around the world are expressing grave concern about some of these measures"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that go against the obligations of the US"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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largest Energy Supplier to the US - US cable - 2003: LINK ¤ 03OTTAWA1924

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  • "since the 1980's, Canada has been"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the single largest foreign supplier of energy to the US"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "at Prime Minister Chretien's initiative"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Canada formally ratified the Kyoto Accord at the end of 2002"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "criticism from industries (oil and gas):"

 

 

 

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  • "it would place Canada's economy at a competitive disadvantage vis-vis the US"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Alaska Gas Pipeline - US cable - 2003: LINK ¤ 03OTTAWA503

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  • "the Alaska gas pipeline is much more clearly in the US national interest"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "than it is in Canada's national interest"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Exxonmobil: Alaska Pipeline - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05OTTAWA695

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  • "we expect that the producers will seek every possible opportunity to pressure the Canadian Government"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "for a permitting decision favorable to their interests"

 

 

 

 

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  • "including lobbying the US for a more interventionist stance"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Energy from Canada - US cable - 2003: LINK ¤ 03OTTAWA566

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  • "Canada's oil sands contain 1.7 to 2.5 trillion barrels of oil"

 

 

 

 

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  • "170 to 300 billion barrels are commercially recoverable"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Canada's Uranium - US cable - 2003: LINK ¤ 03OTTAWA1812

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  • "Canada is the world's largest producer of uranium"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Canada's high-grade uranium deposits in northern Saskatchewan"

 

 

 

 

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  • "are a fuel supply for American nuclear power plants"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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SWIFT Investigation - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06OTTAWA2458

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  • "Canada's Office of the Privacy Commissioner (OPC) officially launched an investigation"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to disclosure of personal banking data about Canadians to the US"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "of the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT)"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Belgian-based company operates as a worldwide messaging system for transmitting bank transaction information in more than 200 countries"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "moreover, the OPC has received a complaint against Canada's six largest banks"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Canada's commercial Credit Crunch
- US
cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07TORONTO430

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  • "the Canadian non-bank asset-backed commercial paper market (ABCP)"

 

 

 

 

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  • "which was valued at C$ 40 billion (US$ 30 billion), is frozen"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Canada's market for ABCP sold by non-bank dealers ground to a halt after Toronto-based Coventree Inc., and other ABCP sponsors"

 

 

 

 

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  • "failed to roll over their maturing ABCP debt because of fears of exposure to bad credit in the US sub-prime mortgage market"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "ABCP holders have been left carrying billions of dollars of commercial paper they cannot redeem"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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US Investment - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06OTTAWA119

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  • "foreign direct investment in Canada was US$ 304 billion"

 

 

 

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  • "with US investment accounting for 65%"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Aviation - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06OTTAWA3455

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  • "the conservative government is set to announce a new international air policy"

 

 

 

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  • "to open Canada's skies to foreign competition (Open Skies)"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the US - Canada "Open Skies" agreement removed final, vestigial, restrictions on transborder operations"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Canada's Copyright Bill - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08OTTAWA945

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  • "stakeholders are pleased with Canada's recently introduced copyright bill"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Bill C61 was met with enthusiastic praise, from the Canadian chamber of commerce"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Canadian motion picture distributors association, and the Canadian recording industry association"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the opposition parties and grassroots levels have been critical"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Intellectual Property Rights - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07OTTAWA765

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  • "intellectual property rights in Canada"

 

 

 

 

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  • "has become the US government's top priority"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in our bilateral economic agenda"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Bombardier - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05OTTAWA3095

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  • "we see little prospect that subsidy levels to Bombardier in Canada will decline"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the firm and its suppliers are the flagship industry in Quebec"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the firm's political connections will survive any foreseeable change in government"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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WTO Ruling on GMO - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06OTTAWA3480

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  • "the WTO's ruling (world trade organization) against the European Union's treatment"

 

 

 

 

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  • "of imports of genetically modified organisms (GMOs):"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Agriculture Minister Stahl described the ruling as a "big win" for Canada's agricultural industry"

 

 

 

 

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  • "particularly the biotechnology sector"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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US Investment - US cable - 2003: LINK ¤ 03OTTAWA2002

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  • "Canada is open to foreign investment in the banking, insurance, and securities brokerage sectors"

 

 

 

 

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  • "unlike the US"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Canada still has barriers to foreign access to retail banking"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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US Investment - US cable - 2010: LINK ¤ 10OTTAWA60

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  • "US foreign direct investment in Canada is subject to NAFTA (north america free trade agreement)"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Chapter 11 of the NAFTA ensures that future regulation of US investors in Canada results"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in treatment no different than that extended to domestic investors (national treatment)"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Oil Sands Fever - the Pembina Institute: LINK ¤ PEMBINA INSTITUTE

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  • "the environmental implications of Canada's oils sands rush:"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a comprehensive overview of the intense development of the oilsands"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the contradiction between rapidly developing the oilsands and taking action to combat climate change"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the implications for Alberta's water resources"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the dramatic impact on Canada's boreal forest"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the effects of pollution on the region's forests, people and wildlife"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the oil sands are the single largest contributor"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to greenhouse gas emissions growth in Canada"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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CANADA - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ CANADA

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  • "Canada is a federal parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy"

 

 

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  • "consisting of 10 provinces and 3 territories, it is officially bilingual at the federal level (English and French)"

 

 

 

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  • "it is located in the northern part of the continent, and it extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean"

 

 

 

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  • Population: 35.7 million

 

 

 

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CANADA - Wikipedia FR:
LINK ¤ CANADA
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canada - 14308CA
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