Internet Freedom



Prism Program
- Associated Press: LINK ¤ ASSOCIATED PRESS

_________________________________________

  • "in the months and early years after 9/11, FBI agents began showing up at Microsoft Corp. more frequently than before"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "armed with court orders demanding information on customers"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the agents wanted email archives, account information, practically everything, and quickly"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "engineers compiled the data, sometimes by hand, and delivered it to the government"

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________
  • "inside Microsoft, some called it "Hoovering" - not after the vacuum cleaner"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "but after J. Edgar Hoover, the first FBI director, who gathered dirt on countless Americans"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "this frenetic, manual process was the forerunner to Prism"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the recently revealed highly classified National Security Agency program"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that seizes records from Internet companies"

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "as laws changed and technology improved, the government and industry moved toward a streamlined, electronic process"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "which required less time from the companies and provided the government data in a more standard format"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________
  • "one expert in national security law, who is directly familiar with how Internet companies dealt with the government during that period"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "recalls conversations in which technology officials worried aloud that"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the government would trample on Americans' constitutional right"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "against unlawful searches, and that the companies would be called on to help"

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________
  • "what the NSA called Prism, the companies knew as a streamlined system that automated and simplified"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the "Hoovering" from years earlier"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the companies wanted to reduce their workload"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the government wanted the data in a structured"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "consistent format that was easy to search"

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

NSA and Silicon Valley - the New York Times:
LINK ¤ the NEW YORK TIMES

_________________________________________

  • "Silicon Valley has what the spy agency wants:"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "vast amounts of private data"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and the most sophisticated software available to analyze it"

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "the agency in turn is one of Silicon Valley’s largest customers for what is known"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "as data analytics"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "one of the valley’s fastest-growing markets"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to get their hands on the latest software technology"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to manipulate and take advantage of large volumes of data"

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "United States intelligence agencies invest in Silicon Valley start-ups"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "award classified contracts and recruit technology experts"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the interests of the two began to converge in new ways in the last few years as advances in computer storage technology"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "drastically reduced the costs of storing enormous amounts of data"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the companies sometimes secretly put together teams of in-house experts to find ways to cooperate more completely with the NSA"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and to make their customers’ information more accessible to the agency"

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________
  • "Skype, the Internet-based calling service, began its own secret program, Project Chess"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to explore the legal and technical issues in making Skype calls readily available to intelligence agencies"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Project Chess was small, limited to fewer than a dozen people inside Skype"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and was developed as the company had sometimes contentious talks with the government over legal issues"

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

US Phone Calls - CNET:
LINK ¤ CNET

_________________________________________

  • "National Security Agency discloses in secret Capitol Hill briefing"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that thousands of analysts can listen to domestic phone calls"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "because the same legal standards that apply to phone calls also apply to e-mail messages, text messages, and instant messages"

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "being able to listen to phone calls would mean"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the NSA analysts could also access the contents of Internet communications"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "without going before a court and seeking approval"

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________
  • "Mark Klein, who worked as an AT&T technician for over 22 years, disclosed in 2006 that he witnessed"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "domestic voice and Internet traffic being surreptitiously "diverted" through a "splitter cabinet""

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to secure room 641A in one of the company's San Francisco facilities"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the room was accessible only to NSA-cleared technicians"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________
  • "Director of National Intelligence Michael McConnell indicated during a House Intelligence hearing in 2007"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that the NSA's surveillance process involves "billions" of bulk communications being intercepted"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "analyzed, and incorporated into a database"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________
  • "former FBI counterterrorism agent Tim Clemente told CNN that"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the bureau can access records of a previously made telephone call"

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "a New York Times article in 2009 revealed the NSA engaged in significant and systemic "overcollection" of Americans' domestic communications"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the Justice Department said in a statement at the time"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that it took comprehensive steps"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to correct the situation and bring the program into compliance with the law"

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

NSA's Hacking Group - Foreign Policy:
LINK ¤ FOREIGN POLICY

_________________________________________

  • "deep within the National Security Agency, an elite, rarely discussed team of hackers"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "is targeting America's enemies abroad"

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "a highly secretive unit called the Office of Tailored Access Operations, or TAO"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "is a mystery to many NSA employees"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "it requires a special security clearance to gain access to the unit's work spaces inside the NSA operations complex"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "TAO's mission is simple: it collects intelligence information on foreign targets"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "by surreptitiously hacking into their computers and telecommunications systems"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "cracking passwords, compromising the computer security systems protecting the targeted computer, stealing the data stored on computer hard drives"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and then copying all the messages and data traffic passing within the targeted email and text-messaging systems"

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

MI5: GCHQ went too far - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

_________________________________________

  • "senior figures inside British intelligence have been alarmed"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "by GCHQ's secret decision to tap into transatlantic cables in order to engage in the bulk interception of phone calls and internet traffic"

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "we felt we were starting to overstep the mark with some of it"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "people from MI5 were complaining that they were going too far from a civil liberties perspective"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "we all had reservations about it, because we all thought:"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "if this was used against us"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "we wouldn't stand a chance'"

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Web Inventor warns - the Guardian:
LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

_________________________________________

  • "Sir Tim Berners-Lee has said his invention of the world wide web should be safeguarded"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "from being controlled by governments or large corporations"

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "the original design of the web of 24 years ago was for a universal space"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "we didn't have a particular computer in mind or browser, or language"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "when you make something universal … it can be used for good things or nasty things"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "we just have to make sure it's not undercut"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "by any large companies or governments"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "trying to use it and get total control"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

INTERNET CENSORSHIP - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ INTERNET CENSORSHIP

_________________________________________

  • "internet censorship is the control or suppression of what can be accessed, published, or viewed on the internet"

 

_________________________________________

  • "it may be carried out by governments, private organizations at the behest of government, regulators, or on their own initiative"

 

_________________________________________

  • "individuals and organizations may engage in self-censorship for moral, religious, or business reasons"

 

_________________________________________

  • "to conform to societal norms, due to intimidation, or out of fear of legal or other consequences"

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

Orwells Albtraum - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "den Überwachungsalbtraum, den der Brite George Orwell vor mehr als 60 Jahren in seinem Roman 1984 vorhersah"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "scheinen seine Landsleute heute wahrmachen zu wollen"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "der britische Geheimdienst GCHQ hört mit der "Operation Tempora" systematisch und in großem Maßstab das Internet ab"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "keine gezielten, verhältnismäßigen und verdachtsgestützten Lauschangriffe sind das"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "sondern ein massives und unterschiedsloses Einfangen von Daten aller Art"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "täglich sind es 600 Millionen Kommunikationsakte, die die Geheimdienstler überwachen"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "die Datenmenge wird mit rund 71.000 Schlüsselbegriffen gesiebt, was hängenbleibt, verdient das Interesse der Kollegen vom Außendienst"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "zu den Kriterien gehört neben nationaler Sicherheit und der Verhinderung schwerer Verbrechen auch die eher nebulöse Begründung:"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "im Interesse des ökonomischen Wohlergehens des Vereinigten Königreichs"

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Anzeigen wegen PRISM eingereicht
- der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "den europäischen Tochterfirmen von Facebook, Apple, Microsoft und Skype und Yahoo wird vorgeworfen"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "illegal Daten europäischer User an die USA weitergeleitet zu haben"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "aus Steuergründen wickeln die genannten Unternehmen ihre Geschäfte in der EU ab"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "gegen Facebook und Apple wurden daher in Irland, gegen Skype und Microsoft in Luxemburg und gegen Yahoo in Deutschland Anzeigen eingebracht"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "die Unternehmen fallen somit unter den europäischen Datenschutz"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "auch wenn die Nutzerdaten meist von den Mutterkonzernen in den USA verarbeitet würden"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________
  • "nach EU-Recht ist ein Export der Daten in EU-Ausland nur dann erlaubt, wenn vom jeweiligen Unternehmen im Zielland, also den USA"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "ein "angemessenes Schutzniveau" für das Grundrecht auf Datenschutz garantiert werden kann"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "im Gegensatz zu den USA würden die Tochterunternehmen in der EU nicht der Verschwiegenheitspflicht unterliegen"

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Internetpionier Berners-Lee - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "der Internet-Vorreiter Tim Berners-Lee hat vor einer allzu starken Kontrolle des Netzes"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "durch Regierungen oder große Firmen gewarnt"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "eine allgemeine Erfindung kann für Gutes oder für Böses eingesetzt werden"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "wir müssen sicherstellen, dass edas Netz nicht durch große Firmen oder Regierungen untergraben wird"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "die es möglicherweise nutzen könnten"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "um die totale Kontrolle zu erlangen"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

ZENSUR IM INTERNET - Wikipedia DE: LINK ¤ ZENSUR IM INTERNET

_________________________________________

  • "als Zensur im Internet werden verschiedene Verfahren von Staaten oder nichtstaatlichen Gruppen bezeichnet, deren Ziel es ist"

 

_________________________________________

  • "die Publikation von bestimmten Inhalten über das Internet zu kontrollieren"

 

_________________________________________

  • "zu unterdrücken oder im eigenen Sinn zu steuern"

 

_________________________________________

  • "vor allem Nachrichten und Meinungsäußerungen sind davon betroffen"
______________________________________________________________________________




Internet freedom - 14312IF
designed by Free CSS Templates | powerd by pluck | hosted by akis