Sri Lanka



Sri Lanka Report
- BBC:
LINK ¤ B B C

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  • "lying off the southern tip of India, the tropical island of Sri Lanka has attracted visitors for centuries"

 

 

 

 

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  • "with its natural beauty"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there was a long-established Tamil (Hindu) minority in the north and east, and Britain brought in Tamil labourers to work the coffee and tea plantations (Ceylon)"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • the majority Buddhist Sinhalese: "the growth of assertive Sinhala nationalism after independence fanned the flames of ethnic division"

 

 

 

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  • "civil war erupted in the 1980s against Tamils pressing for self-rule"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the violence killed more than 70,000 people, damaged the economy and harmed tourism in one of South Asia's potentially most prosperous societies"

 

 

 

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  • "after more than 25 years the conflict ended in May 2009"

 

 

 

 

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  • "international concern was raised about the fate of civilians caught up in the conflict zone, the confinement of some 250,000 Tamil refugees to camps for months afterwards"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a UN report published in 2011 said both sides in the conflict committed war crimes against civilians"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in September 2013 the main Tamil opposition party won a convincing victory in elections to a devolved provincial council in the north"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Sri Lanka’s new President promises no more Censorship - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Sri Lanka’s new government has moved swiftly to dismantle the authoritarian rule of the outgoing president, Mahinda Rajapaksa"

 

 

 

 

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  • "pledging to stop blocking websites"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "end intimidation of the media and reopen an investigation into the murder of a high-profile journalist"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "analysts had described the election as the most significant in Sri Lanka for decades and a last chance for democracy in the island nation"

 

 

 

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  • "Maithripala Sirisena, the 63-year-old veteran politician left the previous government to lead the opposition to a surprise win"

 

 

 

 

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  • the new Prime Minister, Ranil Wickremesinghe: "reporters are free to report whatever they want without the fear of being abducted"

 

 

 

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  • "the programme of internet censorship enforced by the former regime was also being lifted"

 

 

 

 

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  • "activists critical of the government have been routinely intimidated in recent years, with several disappearing after being picked up by white vans believed to be used by the security services"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

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Pope Francis celebrate Mass in Colombo - BBC: LINK ¤ B B C

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  • "hundreds of thousands showed up for the Pope's sea-front service at Galle Face Green"

 

 

 

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  • "at the outdoor service by the beach in Colombo, the Pope said the missionary's life showed the importance of transcending religious divisions"

 

 

 

 

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  • "emphasising that genuine worship of God bore fruit not in violence or hatred"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but in respect for the sacredness of all life"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it was a message that struck a chord with many, after 26 years of fighting and tensions"

 

 

 

 

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  • "between the majority Sinhalese and the Tamil minority until the conflict ended in 2009"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "although the deep scars of ethnic and religious divisions remain, there is a new sense of hope"

 

 

 

 

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  • "after elections passed off peacefully and delivered Sri Lanka a new president (Maithripala Sirisena)"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "after the Mass, Pope Francis travelled to Madhu in the north, a region which saw some of the fiercest fighting"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in a prayer at a local shrine, he said:"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we ask for the grace to make reparation for our sins and for all the evil which this land has known"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the previous government consistently denied that it was responsible for the deaths of many thousands of civilians"

 

 

 

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  • "both sides were accused of atrocities. The authorities have so far refused to co-operate with a UN inquiry"

 

 

 

 

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  • "more than one million Sri Lankans (about 7%) are said to be Christian, most of them Catholic"

 

 

 

 

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  • "they include both Sinhalese and Tamils"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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-
Capital: Colombo - [ GSL = Government of Sri Lanka ]


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US Trade - US cable - 2002:
LINK ¤ 02COLOMBO2315

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  • "I [us ambassador] have been pushing Sri Lanka hard on every bid that comes up here"

 

 

 

 

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  • "with significant power deals going the way of AES and General Electric"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there is a lot of business here yet to be won by US companies"

 

 

 

 

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  • "key areas for US exports"

 

 

 

 

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  • "are mass transit (buses, locomotive engines), power equipment, and textile fabric"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Sri Lanka flirted last year with a ban on biotech foods"

 

 

 

 

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  • "that would have set a precedent injurious to our global trade interests"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "US embassy's aggressive lobbying, along with a strong letter from US trade secretary Zoellick"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "helped convince Sri Lanka to drop the ban"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with just 19 million of South Asia's 1.3 billion people"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Sri Lanka is a small part of our overall trade interests with the subcontinent"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Sri Lanka is capable of playing a catalytic role"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in opening the region up to US exports"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Sri Lanka can serve as an entry point into South Asia for US companies"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Sri Lanka has an FTA [free trade agreement] in place with India"

 

 

 

 

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  • "is currently finalizing one with Pakistan and plans to negotiate one with Bangladesh"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Indo-Lankan FTA would allow US businesses to export products to Sri Lanka"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and re-export them to India on preferential duty terms"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Sri Lanka can act as an attractive gateway"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to a largely closed South Asian market"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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International Monetary Fund - US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09COLOMBO488

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  • "senior presidential advisor Basil Rajapaksa:"

 

 

 

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  • "the US is blocking Sri Lanka's IMF request"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "US Ambassador: the US believes the IMF program should be delayed"

 

 

 

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  • "we shared our concerns with key IMF members"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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IMF - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09COLOMBO540

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  • "Central Bank Governor Nivard Cabraal:"

 

 

 

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  • "US attempts to block the Sri Lanka's IMF stand-by arrangement"

 

 

 

 

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  • "are misplaced and puzzling"

 

 

 

 

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  • "such an action could set a precedent for future IMF loan requests"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Cabraal highlighted the Sri Lanka's excellent debt servicing record"

 

 

 

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  • "and its compliance with all IMF requests"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Microsoft - US cable - 2007:
LINK ¤ 07COLOMBO852

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  • "Microsoft-Sri Lanka partnered with the American Chamber of Commerce"

 

 

 

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  • "in an intellectual property rights campaign"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in addition to its non-publicized financial contributions"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Microsoft staff conducted training"

 

 

 

 

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  • "for judiciary staff who rule on intellectual property rights cases"

 

 

 

 

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  • "American Chamber of Commerce reported a significant increase in the size of fines"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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BBC - US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09COLOMBO146

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  • "the BBC is suspending its FM [radio] programming in Sinhala, Tamil and English"

 

 

 

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  • "due to deliberate interference by the government"

 

 

 

 

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  • "government ministers have lashed out at international organizations including the ICRC, UN and now the BBC"

 

 

 

 

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  • "for "falsifying" reports that contradict the official government position of "zero civilian casualties""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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northern Sri Lanka - US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09COLOMBO374

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  • "the UN reports 3937 civilians killed"

 

 

 

 

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  • "78% of those were in the safe zone"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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northern Sri Lanka - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09COLOMBO411

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  • "the Red Cross reported a disappointing result of ICRC President Kellenberger's visit to Sri Lanka"

 

 

 

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  • "including the denial of access to IDP [internally displaced persons] screening points"

 

 

 

 

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  • "UN Special Rapporteur John Holmes:"

 

 

 

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  • "the number of civilians in the safe zone are 150,000 - 190,000"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Ban Ki-Moon - US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09COLOMBO567

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  • "UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon emphasized"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the need for a political process and reconciliation"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "better access by humanitarian workers to the IDP camps, early IDP returns"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and greater accountability on human rights"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the conditions at Manik Farm are sobering and sad"

 

 

 

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  • "the no-fire was a scene of "complete destruction""

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Secretary General pressed for greater accountability in addressing violations"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "of international human rights and humanitarian law"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Tsunami
- US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05COLOMBO39

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  • "the death toll in Sri Lanka due to the earthquake and tsunamis"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "is 30,190"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA):"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the immediate priority areas in Sri Lanka are water"

 

 

 

 

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  • "sanitation, health, shelter, food and transportation"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Tsunami - US cable - 2005:
LINK ¤ 05COLOMBO616

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  • "in sharp contrast to the December 26 earthquake and tsunami"

 

 

 

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  • "that caused devastating loss of life in Sri Lanka and Maldives"

 

 

 

 

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  • "both governments responded quickly and efficiently"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to the potential for another tsunami following the March 28 earthquake off the Indonesian island of Sumatra"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "both governments issued public warnings and disseminated available information quickly"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "when it seemed like the danger had passed, people slowly started to breathe again"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Climate Change
- US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09COLOMBO1048

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  • "the Government of the Maldives has called climate change"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "its number one national security concern"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and announced plans to reach carbon-neutrality by 2020"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Papst auf Sri Lanka: Appell zur Versöhnung - der Standard:
LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "Papst Franziskus ist auf Sri Lanka von Tausenden jubelnden Menschen empfangen worden"

 

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  • "darunter auch Buddhisten, Muslime und Hindus"

 

 

 

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  • "er appellierte an die Menschen in der ethnisch und religiös geteilten Tropeninsel, Feindseligkeit und Misstrauen zu überwinden"

 

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  • "Anhänger der verschiedenen Religionen tragen Verantwortung in dem "heiklen Versöhnungs- und Aufbauprozess""

 

 

 

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  • "Sri Lanka hat einen neuen Präsidenten (Maithripala Sirisena)"

 

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  • "der den zunehmend autokratischen Mahinda Rajapaksa nach zehn Jahren an der Macht ablöste"

 

 

 

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  • "das Oberhaupt der Katholiken erklärte, seine Kirche liebe und sorge sich um alle Bürger Sri Lankas"

 

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  • "nur 6,1 Prozent der Sri Lanker sind Katholiken; mehr als drei Viertel sind Buddhisten"

 

 

 

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  • "alle müssen frei sein, ihre Anliegen, Bedürfnisse, Wünsche und Befürchtungen zu äußern"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in den vergangenen Jahren hatten Menschenrechtler immer wieder beklagt, dass Aktivisten Drohungen und Angriffen ausgesetzt sind"

 

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  • "Franziskus wird auch in den Norden der Insel fliegen, wo die tamilische Minderheit lebt"

 

 

 

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  • "Sri Lanka hat über viele Jahre die Schrecken von inneren Unruhen erlebt"

 

 

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  • "wichtig für den Heilungsprozess ist nun das Streben nach Wahrheit"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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SRI LANKA - Wikipedia EN:
LINK ¤ SRI LANKA

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  • "Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka"

 

 

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  • "it is an island country in the northern Indian Ocean off the southern coast of the Indian Subcontinent in South Asia"

 

 

 

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  • "known until 1972 as Ceylon, it has maritime borders with India to the northwest and the Maldives to the southwest"

 

 

 

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  • Population: 20.2 million

 

 

 

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Sri Lanka - Wikipedia SI:
LINK ¤ SRI LANKA
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Sri Lanka - Map:
LINK ¤ WIKIMEDIA
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