Maghreb




the peaceful Mass Protest Movement in Algeria for real Democracy - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "in the last days the security forces overacted ! - is the army chief "Ahmed Gaid Salah" becoming nervous ?!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in the last months the army was neutral - and the people respected this !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "huge crowds have massed in Algeria’s capital - to protest against the election of "Abdelmadjid Tebboune"  !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a former loyalist of the deposed "Abdelaziz Bouteflika"  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in a widely boycotted poll !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the demonstrators demand real democracy - which is working for the best of Algeria !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the peaceful mass protest movement has mounted weekly demonstrations - since February !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "forcing "Abdelaziz Bouteflika" - to step down !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Tebboune, who is known to be close to Algeria’s military - will struggle to be accepted by the electorate in Algeria  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the youngest of the five candidates was 56 - while the majority of Algeria’s population are under 30 years old  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the candidates have been described by western diplomats in Algiers - as the softest version of Bouteflika’s system !!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in a televised debate - the first such broadcast event in Algeria’s history !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the five faced 13 questions - mainly on the country’s political, economic and social situation"

 

 

 

 

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  • "all the candidates struggled to campaign - with crowds protesting outside poorly attended rallies !!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "corruption and money laundering convictions - have landed two former prime ministers in jail  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • ""Ahmed Ouyahia" was given a 15-year sentence - and "Abdelmalek Sellal" 12 years !!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "on the same charges, former cabinet ministers "Youcef Yousfi" and "Mahdjoub Bedda" - have each been handed 10-year sentences !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "while businessmen "Ali Haddad", "Ahmed Mazouz", "Hassan Arbaoui", and "Mohamed Bairi" - were each jailed for seven years !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but authorities had also intensified pressure on the protest movement in recent months - prosecuting some prominent leaders !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and detained more than 150 - including journalists, labour activists and a critical cartoonist !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the protesters want a transition - to real democracy !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a country that respects rights - and justice !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and want the real problems in the country - to be solved !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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Tunisia: democratic Success Story
- Hamza Meddeb: LINK ¤ CARNEGIE

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  • "Tunisia is a democratic success story - that is celebrated !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but there is also a social grievances and frustration - toward elites in the country !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "since December 2014, Western officials and analysts very actively celebrate the Tunisian "success" - as a "model" for the Arab world !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the promotion of Tunisia as a "bon élève démocratique" today - the so-called Tunisian economic miracle !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "rested on neoliberal - and depoliticizing assumptions !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "what Tunisians achieves over the past years - is indeed extraordinary !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Tunisian National Constitutional Assembly, TNCA - has succeeded in drafting a new constitution !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a unique experiment - of collective deliberation !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "parliamentary and presidential elections - are organized successfully !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "further, these elections effectively and peacefully - bring about a period of transition !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and civil society is extremely mobilized - and vigilant !!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with an impressive proliferation of associations - artistic performances - and new media !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "while these crucial achievements are acknowledged - and give us reason for hope !"

 

 


 

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  • "the two main goals of the transition - namely social justice and political pluralism !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "have not yet been achieved - in the way they should !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "there should be more social justice - and more political pluralism !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "there should be - more political vision !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and inclusive debates on reforms - that are adapted to the needs and constraints of the Tunisian society !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but there are also three points - to take care of:  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the first is social justice - which was at the origin of the transition !!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "strikes, demonstrations and occupations of work places - have increased !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "members of the health sector, schoolteachers, railway workers, civil servants - have organized numerous protests and strikes !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the protesters reclaim their right to fair employment - and the sustainable development of their region !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "for example oil companies were installed - without endorsing any social or environmental responsibility !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there are social claims of lower classes - who feel excluded from enjoying the benefits of the transition !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the government has not yet responsed - in an adequate way !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "second, the Tunisian National Constituent Assembly, TNCA - is a truly pluralist experiment !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "it brings to the fore a new, younger, more diverse political class - with different backgrounds !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "moreover, it allows for the parties and actors - to actually resolve conflicts - through deliberation and negotiation !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but sometimes it pertained to a strategy of conflict avoidance - rather than conflict resolution !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "where compromise had turned into a strategy of elite-pacting - and mutual cooptation and neutralization - between the parties !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "where it looked like - as politicians would want to "share the cake" between themselves !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and that social policy - was of no concern to them !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "third, there should be no geopolitical and economic pressure - from foreign powers !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "( Western and Arab states - with mainly economic ( selfinterests !!!! )"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Tunisia has to find - its own way !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the ongoing economic recovery and political stability - require the establishment !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "of a social compromise between labor forces - and capital holders !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "who need to agree on which structural reforms - should be adopted !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and Tunisia's democracy is in need - of more solidarity !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 


 

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ALGERIA
- Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ ALGERIA





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Algeria proposes constitutional Reforms - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Algeria’s government has published - two significant draft constitutional reforms !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "that seem intended to send out a message to critics - of the country’s commitment to democracy !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Algerian presidency published plans - to restrict serving presidents to two terms of office !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "it also wants to make Amazigh - spoken by the country’s indigenous Berber minority - an official language !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in the background political and economic clans - were wrangling for influence !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Sarkozy's Trip to Algeria - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07PARIS3237

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  • "Sarkozy's first visit outside Europe - to Algeria and Tunisia !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "underscored his determination to proceed - with the still vague Mediterranean Union initiative !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in Algeria images of warm reception - contrasted !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "with disagreements - over Sarkozy's refusal !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to atone publicly - for the sins of France's colonial rule !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this means no French "repentance" - for past sins dating back to the colonial period !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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MOROCCO - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ MOROCCO



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Morocco approves King Mohammed's constitutional Reforms - BBC: LINK ¤ B B C

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  • "Moroccans have approved constitutional reforms - put forward by King Mohammed VI !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in response - to the pro-democracy protests !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "98.5% of the people - voted in favour !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the turnout in constitutional referendum - the first under King Mohammed - was nearly 73% !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the reforms grant executive powers - to a prime minister !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the concessions come after protests - inspired by the Arab Spring !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but the king remained the head of state - the military - and the Islamic faith in Morocco !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the prime minister - to be chosen from the largest party elected to parliament !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "will take over as head of the government !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but it fails to meet the demands of a full constitutional monarchy - sought by many protesters !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 


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Demonstrationen fordern weitreichende politische Reformen - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "Demonstrationen in Casablanca und Rabat !!"

 

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  • "Würde - Freiheit - Soziale Gerechtigkeit !!!!!!"

 

 

 

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  • "bei dem Referendum hatten mehr als 98 Prozent der Wähler - für die Verfassungsänderung gestimmt  !"

 

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  • "die von König Mohammed VI. unter dem Eindruck massiver Proteste im Land - vorgelegt worden war  !"

 

 

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  • "sie sieht eine teilweise Machtverlagerung - auf den Ministerpräsidenten und das Parlament vor !!!"

 

 

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  • "sowie eine stärkere Unabhängigkeit der Justiz !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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Marshallplan für Nordafrika - Daniel Bax - taz: LINK ¤ T A Z

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  • "die EU hatte etwa im Maghreb - darauf gedrängt gehabt !"

 

 

 

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  • "mit dem Ziel Märkte zu öffnen - und Einfuhrzölle zu senken !"

 

 

 

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  • "wenn Italiens Außenminister Frattini - nun von einem "Marshallplan" für Tunesien spricht !!!!"

 

 

 

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  • "dann sollte es dabei auch - faire Handelsbedingungen geben !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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MAGHREB - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ MAGHREB

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  • "the Maghreb - al-Maghrib - is a region in North Africa"

 

 

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Maghreb - Map:
LINK ¤ WIKIMEDIA
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